[[REDOING]] Finland, officially the Republic of Finland, is a Nordic Country situated in Northern Europe. It is bordered by the Nordic Union to the west, Russia to the east, and the Union of the Baltic to the south across the Gulf of Finland.
Aproximately 5.7 million people live in Finland (end of 2033), with the majority concentrated in southern regions. It is a parliamentary republic with a government based in the capital of Helsinki, municipal governments in 336 municipalities and an autonoumos reigon, the Aland Islands. About one million residents live in the Greater Helsinki area and a third of the country's GDP is produced there.
From the 12th until the start of the 19th century, Finland was a part of Sweden. It then became a Grand Dutchy within the Russian Empire until the Russian Revoloution. This caused the Finnish Declaration of independance, which was followed by a civil war where the pro-Bolshevik "Reds" were defeated by the pro-conservative "Whites" with assistance from the German Empire. After a brief attempt to establish a monarchy in the country, Finland became a republic. Finland's experience of World war II involved one major conflict; The Winter War that resulted in thousands of deaths and the destruction of most of an entire Russian army and it's equipment.
(Only History that is altered is written here)
Civil War and Independence Edit
In 1917, in the height of the World War One, the Russian Czarist Regime fell to the Febuary Revolution. The Finnish Autonomonous Government, which was still supporting the Czar, suddenly had no idea who was their head of state,
Then majority in the parliament Social Democrats proposed Finland declare independence. The Russian Authorities in the reigon immediately dissolved the government, and conducted elections, the Right-Wing Nationalists narrowly won. The Social Democrats declared the election illegal.
But then the October Revolution changed the entire situation. The Right-Wing Parties suddenly saw the threat posed by the Communists to Finnish Freedom, already Lennin was murdering thousands of people. They declared independence.
The opening shots of the brief, and yet bloody war. It started with the new Finnish Parliament disarming Russian troops. Following this, the Pro-Russian Social Democrats attempted a coup, allowing them to gain control of Helsinki, and most of the southern part of the country. The conflict lasted three and a half months and tens thousands died, both civilians and military.
The Social Democratic Whites, defeated the Pro-Communist Reds with the assistance of the German Empire.
World War TwoEdit
Finland played a limited role in the War itself, it'd involvement being limited to within it, and Russia's own borders.
Following the collapse of the Soviet Union, Finland began developing itself as a western country. Quickly establishing relations with the rapidly growing Poland, and the New Britannic Empire, the governments post-WWII focused on moving on from the farming-based society that existed in Finland pre-Winter War and to industrialize Finland. But officially claiming to be Neutral, Finland did sign a Treaty with Mexico that gave the Mexicans some minor leverage in Finnish politics, and from 1967 onwards, whenever buying new armed forces equipment, it was purchased from both the Western Powers and Mexican-Influenced North America.
But allowing itself to become too close to the Mexican North America, with the collapse of Communist Mexico, Finland's largest trading partner, a minor recession struck the country, but balancing out Finland soon began steady ecenomic growth for years.
Finland strengthened it's ties with Poland by joining the WDODN in 2030. And since the collapse of Mexico has seen steady growth in influence. Seeing both Poland and NBE becomming emerging global powers, Finland began establishing even closer relations with both countries. Like most Baltic Countries, Finland liberalized it's economy in the early 2000's loosening regulations on the already free-market economy.
Gulf of Finland DisputeEdit
In mid-2033, the government of then Estonia-Latvia announced new claims on the entire Finnish EEZ in the Gulf of Finland. The Finnish Government obviously protested and sent two Rauma-Class Fast Attack Craft to secure the area. The Estonia-Latvian Government deployed one of their two active frigates which scared off the Finnish government who called back the two Rauma-Class vessels to the Gulf of Finland Islands to evacuate citizens willing to leave the vulnerable islands.Following this, Estonia-Latvian Paratroopers landed and captured the islands from the less than 10 civilian police that defended the islands with no more than sidearms. After capturing the Islands the Estonians put in place a military rule and deported the Mayor back to Helsinki. President Alicia Mannerheim's response was not what the Estonian's were expecting.
President Alicia Mannerheim made a speech to parliament condemning the Estonian-Latvians and breaking off all diplomatic relations. She ordered the assembly of a large fleet comprsising of 80% of the Finnish Navy and almost 3,000 Special Forces and Marines. the Task Force would be lead by the newly commisioned FNS Rhokeus, a Destroyer, first of her class. The fleet set sail on June 15th. In it's 3 day journey a diplomatic solution would try to be found, but the Estonian Government refused to back down. But on the morning of June 18th, when the Task Force was barely 15 hours from the Gulf of Finland Islands, the Estonian government ordered the full retreat of all Estonia-Latvian troops on the Island officially ending the occupation of the Finnish Islands. The next day all claims to Finnish EEZ in the Gulf of Finland were dropped. Though Finnish-Estonian relations are not expected to recover to where they once were, relations were re-established, however shaky in August 2033.
Finland is defined by it's constitution, and the current form of it came into effect on January 28th, 2020. The Finnish Constitution has been revised twice, not including it's creation shortly after Finland's independence in 1919. In it's second revision, on March 1st, 2000, the revised constitution made the Prime Minister of Finland the country's most powerful politician, but it left the government less democratic, according to critics, than the original constitution, and hence, in 2020, the constitution was revised for a third time, reinstating the President of Finland as the country's most powerful politician.
ParliamentEditFinland's unicameral parliament holds supreme legislative authority over Finland's affairs. It may revise the constitution, change ordinary laws, dissolve the cabinet, and override presidential vetoes. The parliament is elected for four year terms, and headed by the Speaker of the House, who is appointed by a general vote from the parliament. Universial Sufferage was introduced in 1906, and since, the main political parties of Finland have been the National Coalition Party, the Social Democratic Party, and the Centre party. But in 2011, the True Finns beat the Centre Party out of their position as third largest party in Finland, and since, the True Finns have arisen to combat the Social Democratic Party, with the recent elections putting the True Finns only three seats behind the Social Democratic Party.
The Autonomonous Province of Aland elects one representative to Finland's Parliament, but maintains it's own parliament.
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