|Republic of California|
Clara Posthac Venire" (traditional)
|Largest city||Los Angeles|
|Official Languages||None at Federal Level|
|National Languages||English, Spanish|
|-||Vice President||Julian Robertson|
|-||Speaker of the House||Felix Hagen|
|-||Chief Justice||Maria Dos Santos|
|-||Lower house||House of Representatives|
|Independence from Mexico|
|-||Declartion||June 14th, 1846|
|-||Treaty of Cancun||September 3rd, 1847|
|-||Constitution||Janurary 27th, 1849|
|-||2040 census||161.4 million|
|GDP (PPP)||2045 estimate|
|GDP (nominal)||2045 estimate|
American Union Dollar ($) (AUD)
|Time zone||(UTC−7 to −8)|
|-||Summer (DST)||(UTC−6 to −7)|
|Drives on the||right|
|ISO 3166 code||RC, and UK|
|Internet TLD||.gov, .cali, .roc|
The Republic of California (ˌkælᵻˈfɔːrnjə/, kal-ə-forn-yə), commonly known as California, is a sovereign, democratic republic located primarily among the North American Pacific coast. Territories located outside of it's North American territory include the Samoa, and many foreign military bases, most notably the Californian Frontera Military Base, the Californian Musandam Military Base and the Guantanamo Bay Military Base.
The Republic consist of 5 states with a population of 85, 734, 401 as of the 2040 census. Most of this population is concenctrated among population centers scattered across it's long Pacific coastline. The nation's capital is Monterrey, and it's largest city is Los Angeles, which is also the third largest city in the American Union. Other notable cities include San Francisco, Las Vegas, Seattle, San Jose, Portland, and Vancouver. California is bordered by (from northeast to southeast) Canada, the Rocky Mountain Republic, Deseret, and Baja California. The Republic has the largest economy in the American Union, and among the largest in the world.
The word California originally referred to the entire region composed of the Baja California peninsula of Mexico, the current U.S. states of California, Nevada, and Utah, and parts of Arizona, New Mexico, Texas and Wyoming.
The name California is most commonly believed to have derived from a fictional paradise peopled by Black Amazons and ruled by Queen Calafia. The story of Calafia is recorded in a 1510 work The Adventures of Esplandián, written as a sequel to Amadis de Gaula by Spanish adventure writer Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo. The kingdom of Queen Calafia, according to Montalvo, was said to be a remote land inhabited by griffins and other strange beasts.
Know ye that at the right hand of the Indies there is an island called California, very close to that part of the Terrestrial Paradise, which was inhabited by black women without a single man among them, and they lived in the manner of Amazons. They were robust of body with strong passionate hearts and great virtue. The island itself is one of the wildest in the world on account of the bold and craggy rocks. -Chapter CLVII of The Adventures of Esplandián
Settled by successive waves of arrivals during the last 10,000 years, California was one of the most culturally and linguistically diverse areas in pre-Colombian America. Various estimates put the indingenous population at 100,000 up to 300,000. The indingenous people of California included more than 70 distinct groups of Native Americans, ranging from large, settled populations living on the coast to groups in the interior. California groups also were diverse in their political organization with bands, tribes, villages, and on the resource-rich coasts, large chiefdoms, such as the Chumash, Pomo and Salinan. Trade, intermarriage and military alliances fostered many social and economic relationships among the diverse groups. The first Europeans to explore California was a Spanish expedition lead by Portuguese explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo. Francis Drake would later explore California and claimed a portion of the Californian coast in 1547. California was mapped out in 1602. More than a century later, Spain would set up a series of missions across the Californian coast, along with several forts and 3 small towns (2 of which would grow into Los Angeles and San Jose). Russia also built settlements and trading post in California, the most notable being Fort Ross. After Mexico gained it's independence from Spain, the remote northern provinces that make up the Republic today were ceded to Mexico. In an attempt to grow the populations of these provinces, Mexico allowed many American and Canadian settlers into the region, similarily to Texas. However, this ultimately backfired on them as the new immigrant population revolted due to harsh Mexican laws and created the Republic of California. Mexico, overwhelmed from the wars with Texas and the US, pulled out of California. William Ide, the first President of California, managed to secure the Republic's independence from an expansive United States using shrewed diplomacy and grant the United States many privileges in California. The young nation would rapidly grow in size after James W. Marshall, an American immigrant, discovered gold on the American river. Thousands of people from all over the continent flocked to California seeking riches. This gave rise to many boomtowns, most notably San Francisco and Sacramento. Other people came into the Republic to create farms in the fertile San Joaquin valley. California would be connected to a trans-continental railroad with the US, bringing much settlers into the young country. The Republic also recieved a large boom in commerce during the Klondike gold rush, and helped further develop Seattle and Vancouver into the important port cities they are today.