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Commonwealth of New Zealand

Commonwealth o Aotearoa

FlagOfNewZealand     NewZealandCoatOfArms

Anthem

"God Defend New Zealand"

God Defend New Zealand instrumental
Eoep-oceania-nz
Capital
Wellington

Largest City

Auckland

Official Languages

English, Māori
Religions
Roman Catholic, Anglican, Presbyterian
Demonym

New Zealander, Kiwi

Government

Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy

- Monarch King William I
- Governor-General Richard Key
- Prime Minister Peter Mateparae
Legislature Parliament
Independence from the United Kingdom
- Self-government 17 January 1853
- Dominion 26 September 1907
- Statue of Westminister Adoption Act 25 November 1947
- Current constitution 13 December 1986
Population
- 2030 census Upwards of 5 Million
Area

103,483 SQ MI

(268,021 KM2)

GDP
UD$ 828.793 Billion

Currency

New Zealand dollar (NZD)

Date format

dd-mm-yyyy

Drives on the

Left

Internet TLD

co.nz

New Zealand, or officially known as the Commonwealth of New Zealand, is an island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. To the west, lies the Commonwealth of Australia, and to the north Republic of Greater Melanesia.

HistoryEdit

It is suggested that New Zealand was first settled by Eastern Polynesians between 1200 to 1300, concluding a series of long voyages through the southern Pacific islands. Over centuries, these settelers created their distinct culture, now kown as the Māori. The island was divided into iwi (tribes) and hapū (subtribes) who would cooperate, compete, and sometimes fight against each other. At some point, a group of Māori migrated to the Chatham Islands (which they named Rēkohu), where they developed their distinct Morori culture. The Moriori population decimated between 1835 and 1863, largely because of Taranaki Māori invasion and enslavement of the Māori people in the 1830s, and European diseases. The last known full-blooded Māori died in 1933.

GovernmentEdit

New Zealand is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary democracy, although its constitution is not codified. William I is the King of New Zealand and the head of state. The Queen is represented by the Governor-General, whom she appoints on the advice of the Prime Minister. The Governor-General can exercise the Crown's prerogative powers, such as reviewing cases of injustice and making appointments of ministers, ambassadors and other key public officials, and in rare situations, the reserve powers (e.g. the power to dissolve Parliament or refuse the Royal Assent of a bill into law). The powers of the Queen and the Governor-General are limited by constitutional constraints and they cannot normally be exercised without the advice of Cabinet.

MilitaryEdit

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Foreign RelationsEdit

New Zealand has opened relations with many countries, such as:

-

InfrastructureEdit

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TransportationEdit

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EnergyEdit

New Zealand's energy comes completely from renewable energy sources, primarily hyroelectric power, geothermal power, and wind turbines.

EconomyEdit

New Zealand has a modern, prosperous developed market economy that depends on trade. It has only a small manufacturing and high-tech sectors, being focused on tourism, and primary industries such as agriculture.

Unemployment rate is on a record low of 3.4%

CultureEdit

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Law EnforcementEdit

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ReferencesEdit

1. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Zealand

2. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_New_Zealand

3. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Economy_of_New_Zealand

4. http://populationpyramid.net/new-zealand/2030/

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